The higher education in India has expanded at a fast pace by adding more than 20,000 colleges and more than 8 million students in a decade and as of today, India has more than 800 universities, with a break up of Central, State, Deemed and private universities along with many institutions established. Under the department of higher education, there are several regulatory bodies and research councils which are responsible for the higher education in India. Amidst COVID 19 situation, higher education has gained furthermore importance since its need has been felt by every individual in India. The Indian government has certainly understood the very importance of higher education and thus new guidelines are being issued for the same. Many things seem to be shaping the landscape, quality and reach of COVID 19 Indian education in our country. Among these issues, there are a number of questions raised on, whether we all wish to pursue higher studies? What are the major problems with higher studies in India? How is COVID 19 treating higher education?
Students should prefer studying in India since India’s education system plays a leading role in the fields of business management, finance, healthcare, and information technology. Students educated at Indian universities are leaving their mark on a global scale with their intelligent leadership skills and manipulative marketing qualities. The HRD Ministry has set up a panel to form guidelines suggesting measures to ensure that more students study in India and there is a smooth transition for students returning from abroad due to COVID-19 situation, HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ announced on Friday.
The major reason to announce guidelines for specifically higher education in India is because of the problems faced by students concerning higher education in India. Some of these problems are:
- Teaching Quality
- Quota System
- Political Factor
- Moral Issues
- The gap in Supply and Demand
- Mushrooming of Low-Quality Institutes
- infrastructural developments
Even though India students crave for higher education abroad, the Indian education system longs their admissions. The committee headed by the chairman of the University Grants Commission (UGC) is also supposed to recommend a mechanism to increase the intake in well-performing universities. Studying in India means seeing new things around every corner. Unless particularly well-travelled, many college students from the industrialized world have not had the privilege of living in a developing country. With nearly 1.3 billion people, India is one of the world’s largest and poorest countries. But, education provided by Indian universities is highly top-notch and well recognized.
India is moving forward toward providing excellent services in the field of higher education in India. CBSE board is going in for psychological counselling
to help both students and parents on how to deal with anxiety and stress due to exams from Saturday. Many universities and institutions are going in for neuro-linguistic programming
and are opening gateways for Indian as well as international students. Higher education in India has been improving from the past 5 years, opening various possibilities. A country thousands of years old with rich culture, religious diversity and hundreds of languages, India is a great destination for international students. Many have a high global reputation and are known for training students to join multinational companies and institutions.
Due to the current COVID-19 situation, many students who wanted to pursue studies abroad have decided to stay back and pursue studies in India. There is also an increase in the number of Indian students finding their way back to India with concern about completion of their studies as mentioned in the session “Stay in India and Study in India”.
The HRD ministry is issuing the guidelines
especially to excite multi-disciplinary and innovative programs, twinning and joint degree programs, cross-country designing of centres, facilitating online lectures
by eminent faculty abroad, the linkage between academia and industry, facilitate joint degree ventures and lateral entry to Indian higher education institutions.
India has been very progressive concerning innovations. the country has developed online – learning, educational technology and many more digitally equipped methods to improvise more in the field of Higher education in India.
India has developed itself and has aimed at providing live streaming, Improving the quality of instruction, Accessibility, Contingency planning and Flipping of Classroom. Even though suitable measures have been taken, Delhi university faced a lot of technical glitches and errors while its first attempt to carry out large scale e-learning.
The aim of higher education in India is to meet the socio-cultural and developmental needs of a country. Higher education provides an opportunity for individuals to develop their potential. It fulfils the needs for high-level manpower in a society. Its objectives include cultural and material development.
Not only does the competent youth shift to abroad for studies but also the fiscal deficit trend of India is affected. The HRD ministry is planning to ensure that students get the best educational services in India itself to avoid shifting of students to abroad for pursuing further studies. They also aim at making people aware of the very need to pursue higher education, Higher education not only benefits the individual student but also their communities. Billions of dollars in public money are invested in institutions and individuals on the theory that society benefits from having an educated populace. The Government of India is well aware of the problems in the Indian education system but has been slow in responding to them. School infrastructure is in a poor state and many schools teachers are not properly qualified, with 31% of them not having a degree, 40% of schools are without electricity. Sources mention that last year around 7.5 lakh students travelled abroad to pursue their studies and because of this valuable foreign exchange moved out of India as well as many bright students moved abroad. this in turn was a huge loss to the Indian education system as well as the financial sector of India. For this very reason, the key agenda of the panel is to look into the matter and recommend ways to ensure that more and more of students study in India, instead of looking for academic avenues overseas.